ProAsianGold | Investing in Gold

Investing in Gold


What Influences Gold Prices |  Investments in gold |  Investing in gold mining companies

Investing in Gold

What Influences Gold Prices

Among precious metals, gold holds a unique position. It has been used as money or, more recently, as a relative standard for other currencies for much of recorded history. In many parts of the world, gold standards have been adopted in the late 1800s, tying certain currencies to a fixed amount of the precious yellow metal. There are no longer any currencies that are pegged to gold, but its history as a store of value continues to affect how it is utilized today. Unlike many other precious metals, gold is primarily utilized for investment purposes: 40% of new gold produced each year is used in investments, 50% in jewelry, and 10% in industrial applications. All of this is to imply that gold does not behave like other metals when it comes to investing. It is not highly responsive to supply or demand fluctuations. Relatively, a number of global economic variables or price drivers are mostly responsible for gold's price swings.

Since the introduction of gold price quotations on international markets in 1970, market fundamentals and particularly variations in demand, have largely influenced those prices (e.g., for jewelry and industry applications). This is due to the enormous amount of above-ground gold stocks accessible compared to average yearly mine production, as well as the company's restricted flexibility in meeting demand. Gold prices are influenced by exogenous factors such as the global geopolitical and economic environment, as well as the financial sector dynamics such as equity markets.

  1. Trade-Weighted US Dollar Movements

The strength of the US dollar, as the world's most important reserve currency that dominates international trade and transactions, has a huge impact on financial markets around the world, and hence on the price of gold. This is the primary driver of gold prices. The trade-weighted dollar is a frequently used metric for determining the purchasing power of the US dollar as well as the consequences of its appreciation and depreciation versus other currencies. Exports to other countries become more expensive as the value of the dollar rises, while imports become less expensive. When the US dollar is debased, such as through loose monetary policy, the price of gold tends to rise in inverse proportion. Many investors flock to gold as an alternative currency when the value of the US dollar falls. Gold prices tend to fall when the trade-weighted US dollar grows in value.

Gold Prices and U.S. Dollar Correlation


  1. Consumer Price Index (CPI) Inflation

Inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is the second most important price factor for gold. CPI is a statistical estimate that is calculated on a monthly or quarterly basis and employs a representative basket of commodities to measure price changes over time. The representative basket contains a diverse range of products, including rent, utilities, food, clothing, transportation, medical care, and much more. Inflation is defined as a rise in the price of ordinary goods and services, as measured by the Consumer Price Index. Gold has traditionally been used as a hedge against rising costs, therefore it reacts positively to CPI inflation. Gold, on the other hand, would tend to lose value in a deflationary climate with dropping consumer prices. News of very high or low inflation rates would certainly have an immediate impact on gold prices.

  1. Investor Sentiment

Investor sentiment is a volatile and difficult-to-quantify element by nature, yet it is undeniably significant. In general, it is considered to be the third most important price driver for gold, but recent increases in net long speculative positioning in futures markets indicate that it is currently one of the most important. Due to gold's role as a "safe haven" asset, disasters and other financial system shocks such as wars, financial dislocations, political anxiety, and general instability may cause gold prices to rise.

  1. Position in the Economic Cycle

Economic cycles, in general, are the natural ups and downs that occur between periods of expansion and contraction. Gold prices may be affected by where we are in the economic cycle, whether it is a period of expansion or a period of recession. However, since the preceding factors are all components of the overall economic cycle to some extent, it is believed that this is the least important driver of gold prices overall.


Investments in Gold

Gold has long been recognized as an important component of a well-balanced portfolio by experienced investors. Gold is a world-renowned safe haven for investors, offering the greatest insurance and security against stormy economic times in addition to asset diversification.

Gold has proven to be a timeless asset, not only proving to be a good preserver of wealth but also outperforming many other types of investment due to high gold prices and record demand.


Gold as an Asset Class

Gold is a highly liquid but scarce asset. It can have four key roles in a portfolio as an investment:


Portfolio Diversification

Diversification is important to most investors, but finding good diversifiers is difficult. As market uncertainty (and volatility) rises, correlations tend to rise, owing in part to risk-on/risk-off investing decisions. As a result, many "diversifiers" fail to protect portfolios when they are most needed.

Gold's long-term price trend is sustained by income growth due to its dual character as a consumer commodity and an investment. However, during situations of uncertainty, its price tends to climb in the short and medium term, making it a useful portfolio diversifier.


A Source of Returns

Investors have always viewed gold as an asset to hold when risk is high and sell when the economy is booming. Economic growth, on the other hand, has a favorable impact on gold consumer demand, which accounts for about 80% of yearly gold demand.

Investors rely on gold during times of market uncertainty, driving demand higher when inflation rises or the stock market falls. In the short and medium term, this has an impact on gold prices. Favorable income growth, on the other hand, is one of the most important long-run drivers of gold, with positive effects on jewelry, technology, and bar and coin demand — the latter in the form of long-term savings. Gold has delivered positive returns over the long run, often outperforming major asset classes.


Gold Liquidity

The ability of a market to buy or sell an item at stable prices is referred to as market liquidity. A high level of liquidity indicates that a large number of people are eager to take the opposite side of a trade. Gold, like currency, has the advantage of being a very liquid asset.

When it comes to building a strategic holding, size and liquidity are particularly critical aspects for major buy-and-hold institutional investors. Gold enjoys a big market. The value of physical gold held by investors and central institutions is very imposing.


Investing in Gold Mining Companies

Investing in a gold mining company's stock is one of the most interesting and exciting aspects of the stock market. Investors pay far more attention to their gold mining assets than they do to the majority of their other equity investments, according to a well-recognized occurrence. Brokers and other financial experts explain how their investor clients will know everything there is to know about the operations and history of the gold mining firms in which they buy stock, but very little about the other types of companies.

There are two 'betas' that investors should be aware of when it comes to gold mining stocks. One is the correlation between gold-stock prices and gold prices, which is known as the beta. The association between gold stocks and the whole stock market is the second beta.

Since the mid-nineteenth century, gold mining stocks have provided investors with substantial profits and rewards. Gold mining companies come in a variety of shapes and sizes. There are many various types of gold mining enterprises, each with its own set of potential rewards for investors. A lot of gold mining firms are a mix of growth stocks and gold mining stocks. The nature of the company, and thus what investors can expect in terms of possible return, risks, and investment length, varies substantially depending on the type of company in which they invest.

According to the World Gold Council, global gold supplies can reach record highs. It is primarily obtained from two sources: gold mining output (also known as primary production), which accounts for approximately two-thirds of global supply, and gold recycling (commonly known as secondary production), which accounts for the remaining one-third.

Shares of gold mining companies can also be purchased by investors. The stock prices of gold mining companies may be linked to the price of gold. However, the stock's growth and return are determined by the company's predicted future earnings, not only the value of gold. When considering whether to buy gold mining stocks, one should examine variables such as effective management, production costs, reserves, mine exploration and project development, and hedging operations. As a result, gold and gold mining companies are frequently utilized as a complement to other assets.